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THE NEWS part one continued

BREAKING NEWS : ‘THE PERSIANS HAVE BEEN DEFEATED !’

In 490 BC the fleet footed herald Pheidippides was one of the first messengers to deliver important breaking news ( as it would come to be called ) that the Spartans had helped the Athenian army defeat the Persians at the battle of Marathon.

But what is the news ? News Departments in Media Organizations are specific entities responsible for producing this commodity we call The News. Any new event that you hear about could be considered news so what makes the news the NEWS , how did it all start?

The Word

One theory claims that news developed as a special use of the plural form of new in the 14th century. In Middle English, the equivalent word was newes, like the French nouvelles and the German neues. Somewhat similar developments are found in some of the Slavic languages (Czech and Slovak), where there exists a word noviny(“news”), developed from the word nový (“new”), and in the Celtic languages Welsh and Cornish, where there are the words newyddion and nowodhow, respectively from W. newydd and C. nowydh.A folk etymology suggests that it is an acronym of the cardinal directionsnorth, east, west, and south.[2] 

The word NEWS is plural of new , the news is information about many new things ? Remember we are an information seeking species gathering information as much as we do any other commodity. Pre historic hunter gatherer communities would have communicated directly with each other disseminating information about game supply, weather conditions, caves that were suitable over nighters and watering holes ect. But this is non local de centralized cultural information that is flowing freely around the community. We have no evidence of a bulletin of news been scratched on a wall of a community cave.

After the Age of Empire had begun governments needy to inform the people about certain matters. From Wiki a short history :

Before the invention of newspapers in the early 17th century, official government bulletins and edicts were circulated at times in some centralized empires.[3]

The first documented use of an organized courier service for the diffusion of written documents is in Egypt, wherePharaohs used couriers for the diffusion of their decrees in the territory of the State (2400 BC).[4] This practice almost certainly has roots in the much older practice of oral messaging and may have been built on a pre-existing infrastructure.

In Ancient RomeActa Diurna, or government announcement bulletins, were made public by Julius Caesar. They were carved in metal or stone and posted in public places.

In China, early government-produced news sheets, called tipao, circulated among court officials during the late Han dynasty (second and third centuries AD). Between 713 and 734, the Kaiyuan Za Bao (“Bulletin of the Court”) of the Chinese Tang Dynasty published government news; it was handwritten on silk and read by government officials. In 1582 there was the first reference to privately published newssheets in Beijing, during the late Ming Dynasty;[5]

In Early modern Europe, increased cross-border interaction created a rising need for information which was met by concise handwritten newssheets. In 1556, the government of Venice first published the monthly Notizie scritte, which cost one gazetta.[6] These avvisi were handwritten newsletters and used to convey political, military, and economic news quickly and efficiently to Italian cities (1500–1700) — sharing some characteristics of newspapersthough usually not considered true newspapers.[7] Due to low literacy rates, news was at times disseminated bytown criers.

Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien, from 1605, is recognized as the world’s first newspaper.[8]

The oldest news agency is the Agence France-Presse (AFP).[9] It was founded in 1835 by a Parisian translator and advertising agentCharles-Louis Havas asAgence Havas.

In modern times, printed news had to be phoned in to a newsroom or brought there by a reporter, where it was typed and either transmitted over wire services oredited and manually set in type along with other news stories for a specific edition. Today, the term “breaking news” has become trite as commercial broadcasting United States cable news services that are available 24-hours a day use live satellite technology to bring current events into consumers‘ homes as the event occurs. Events that used to take hours or days to become common knowledge in towns or in nations are fed instantaneously to consumers viaradiotelevisionmobile phone, and the Internet.

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